For every immensely successful restaurant chain, like Applebee\u2019s or T.G.I. Friday\u2019s, there are the ones that didn\u2019t make it. For one reason or another, plenty of once-major restaurant chains fall off the face of the earth, never to be heard from again. Here are 15 chains that, for one reason or another, are no longer with us. 1. ALL-STAR CAF\u00c9 Even though there were only 10 locations on the Planet Hollywood-owned All-Star Caf\u00e9 in its late '90s-heyday, odds are you knew about this chain, especially if you were a kid during the decade. Sports icons such as Andre Agassi, Joe Montana, Ken Griffey Jr., and Shaq all invested in the project, and some appeared in commercials for it. It opened in prime locations across the country, including\u00a0New York\u00a0City's Times Square and Walt Disney World in Orlando. The chain was equal parts gift shop, memorabilia store, and restaurant, but it never quite had the same appeal as similar theme restaurants like Planet Hollywood itself or the Hard Rock Caf\u00e9. The last All-Star, located in Walt Disney World\u2019s Wide World of Sports, closed in 2007. Andre Jenny\/Mira.com 2. HORN & HARDART The automat is a defunct restaurant concept, but in its day it was a reliable way to get a quick and tasty meal. Individual sandwiches, salads, pies, and cakes were visible behind tiny glass doors. Insert some nickels into the slot, the door would open, and the dish would be yours. Horn and Hardart, which was founded in Philadelphia in 1888, was the undisputed king of the automat during its golden years from the 1920s through the 1950s, with more than 150 locations in\u00a0Philadelphia\u00a0and more than 50 in New York. Unfortunately, with the rise of fast food in the 1960s and \u201870s, the chain took a major hit, and the final location, on 42nd Street and Third Avenue in New York, closed in 1991. Getty Images 3. GINO\u2019S HAMBURGERS Founded in 1957, Gino\u2019s was the very first chain to combine fast food and sports. The brainchild of NFL Hall of Famer Gino Marchetti, the chain was a huge hit and featured Dom DeLuise in\u00a0its commercials. By 1972 there were more than 330 outlets across the country, but 10 years later Marriott bought the chain and merged it with Roy Rogers. Gino's Hamburgers 4. BEEFSTEAK CHARLIE\u2019S A classic New York City chain, the first Beefsteak Charlie\u2019s opened in 1910, and its flagship location on 50th Street between Broadway and Eighth Avenue was a huge hit, serving its specialty steak sandwich to generations of sports enthusiasts (it had a horse racing theme). In 1976, restaurateur Larry Ellman renamed his Steak & Brew chain Beefsteak Charlie\u2019s, apparently after realizing that the name had never been trademarked, and by 1984 there were more than 60 locations all along the East Coast, buoyed by an all-you-could-eat salad bar and unlimited beer, wine, and\u00a0sangria. In 1987, the chain was acquired by Bombay Palace Restaurants, and when that group filed for bankruptcy in 1989, only 35 locations were still open, and over the next 15 years the remaining restaurants dwindled down to zero. Dailymail 5. VIP\u2019S This Salem, Oregon chain was once the largest Oregon-based restaurant chain, with more than 50 locations in the western United States at its peak in the early 1980s. With most units located near freeways, this chain was similar to Denny\u2019s, open 24 hours and taking a \u201ccoffee shop\u201d approach. Starting in 1984, however, the chain began selling off its locations (more than half to\u00a0Denny\u2019s), and by 1989 the last of the restaurants had been sold. Wikimedia Commons 6. STEAK AND ALE This brainchild of Norman Brinker, who also gave us Jack in the Box and\u00a0Chili\u2019s, didn\u2019t do quite as well as his other inventions. Launched in Dallas in 1966, it introduced America to the self-service salad bar and did gangbusters in its first years (selling an 8-ounce filet for $1.95 didn\u2019t hurt), and by 1976, when he sold the chain to Pillsbury, there were 109 restaurants in 24 states. This was the beginning of a major boom in fast-casual dining, however, and the chain just couldn\u2019t keep up. Metromedia eventually purchased the brand and shut down the last 50 locations in 2009. Buzzfeed 7. CHILDS No discussion of the history of American dining is complete without a major acknowledgment of the role that\u00a0Childs\u00a0played in developing the restaurant as we know it. When the first Childs opened in 1889 in downtown New York, restaurants were either high-end affairs like Delmonico\u2019s or more everyman lunch counters and oyster houses. Childs, with its emphasis on low-price, quality food, intelligent design, hygiene, good service, and expansion, set the stage for modern dining. Childs was one of the first national dining chains, and by the time it reached its peak in the 1930s, there were about 125 locations in dozens of markets throughout the country. Poor management (including an ill-conceived vegetarian push from co-founder William Childs) reduced that number to 53 by 1950, and in 1960 it was swallowed by the Riese Organization, which also owns Dunkin' Donuts, KFC, Pizza Hut, T.G.I. Friday's, and Houlihan's, and was completely phased out. Wikimedia Commons 8. WHITE TOWER This early chain, which began in Minneapolis in 1926 as a blatant\u00a0White Castle\u00a0knock-off (right down to the fake turrets), opened more than 120 locations before White Castle sued them in the early 1930s. White Tower settled by paying White Castle $82,000 and changing their look to Art Deco. The chain stuck around for a while longer, peaking at 230 locations in the 1950s, before folks began to move away from the urban areas where they were located. The last one shut down in Toledo in 2004. lib.uconn.edu 9. CHI-CHI\u2019S The first Chi-Chi's Mexican Restaurant opened in downtown Minneapolis in 1975 and was one of the breakout restaurants of the year, pulling in $2 million. Founders Marno McDermott and Max McGee\u2019s creation had\u00a0basically no competition\u00a0in the Midwest, and by 1986 a whopping 237 locations had been opened, with 42 opening in 1985 alone. From there, unfortunately, it was all downhill. Attempts at expanding to New York City, New England, and the South failed, and increased competition, combined with baby boomers aging out of the chain's target demographic and a decline in alcohol consumption, spelled its doom. Locations fell to 144 by 2002, and a month after Chi-Chi's filed for bankruptcy in 2003, green onions served at a Pittsburgh-area outpost set off the largest hepatitis-A outbreak in American history, sickening 660 and killing at least four. The remaining 65 restaurants closed the following year, and today the brand exists in the United States only as a salsa product owned by Hormel, which licensed their name. Oddly enough, there are 11 Chi-Chi\u2019s still open in Europe, eight of those in Belgium. Getty Images 10. LUM\u2019S This chain of\u00a0hot dog stands\u00a0was founded in Miami Beach in 1956 by the Pearlman family, and at its peak, there were more than 400 locations nationwide. The South Florida fixture, whose trademark was hot dogs steamed in beer, was so successful, in fact, that the company went public and bought Caesars Palace in Las Vegas in 1969. The chain was purchased by Wienerwald in 1978, but overextended itself and filed for bankruptcy a few years later. Roy Erickson 11. KENNY ROGERS ROASTERS If you best remember Kenny Rogers Roasters from a classic Seinfeld episode, you\u2019re not alone. This chain, which the singer launched in 1991 along with KFC mogul John Y. Brown, expanded to 425 locations, but a country singer\u2019s name and a focus on\u00a0rotisserie chicken\u00a0didn\u2019t exactly make it stand out in an already crowded field, and it went bankrupt in 1998 after being bought by Nathan\u2019s. While there\u2019s only one U.S. outpost still in business, in Ontario, California, it\u2019s doing surprisingly well in Asia, where there are more than 100 locations. Pinterest 12. MINNIE PEARL\u2019S Grand Ole Opry legend Minnie Pearl affixed her name to this\u00a0fried chicken\u00a0chain, which was launched by Nashville attorney John Jay Hooker in 1966. The company went public in 1968, and over the course of the next few years more than 500 locations opened and thousands more were franchised out, although a lot of those franchises never saw the light of day. While rival KFC grew organically and focused on quality and consistency, so many outposts of Minnie Pearl\u2019s opened that no two chicken recipes were the same, and people simply stopped going. Investors sued the company after they were forced to redo their 1968 taxes to show a loss of more than $1 million, and the company shut down shortly thereafter. Les Kerr's Liner Notes 13. HOWARD JOHNSON\u2019S Howard Johnson\u2019s is synonymous with the 1950s and '60s dining. It was launched by Howard Johnson himself in the 1920s as a soda fountain and lunch counter, and by 1954 there were 400 outposts in 32 states. One of the first major restaurant chains, it went public in 1961 with 605 restaurants and 88 motor lodges, both of which were major fixtures dotting the new American highway system that experienced monumental growth during this time. The company peaked in in the mid-1970s, but business fell off after that. The business model of serving pre-made high-quality food in traditional dining rooms lost popularity amid the boom in fast food chains\u00a0like McDonald\u2019s, and after many changes in ownership over the years, only two Howard Johnson\u2019s restaurants remain, in Lake Placid, New York, and Bangor, Maine. firstwefeast.com 14. SAMBO\u2019S When Sam Battistone and Newell F. Bohnett decided to open a restaurant in Santa Barbara in 1957, they just combined Sam\u2019s first name with Bohnett\u2019s last name and Sambo\u2019s it was. Little did they realize just how many people would take offense at the presumed connection to the politically incorrect children\u2019s book Little Black Sambo, especially after the restaurants were decorated with scenes from the book. Regardless of the association, the restaurant was a huge success, and there were 1,117 locations in operation at its peak in the early 1980s. The company\u2019s finances began to crumble just as it became a lightning rod for its insensitive name, and its collapse was epic. In 1983, 618 locations were renamed Season's Friendly Eating, and soon after some outposts were sold to Denny\u2019s and the rest simply shut down. Today there\u2019s only\u00a0one Sambo\u2019s still around, in Santa Barbara, California. oola 15. BURGER CHEF In 1958, a technological wonder of a chain restaurant opened, with the capacity to pump out burgers faster than even McDonald\u2019s could: 800 per hour, via a conveyor broiler. It seemed like the perfect formula for success, and Burger Chef\u2019s optimistic parent company, General Equipment, opened 1,200 outposts by 1972, making it second only to McDonald\u2019s 1,600. They also pioneered the concept of selling a child-oriented meal of a small burger, fries, drink, dessert, and small toy in 1973 (they called it a "Fun Meal"; McDonald\u2019s called it a\u00a0"Happy Meal"\u00a0when they "borrowed" the idea six years later). But it was overexpansion that eventually did the company in; in 1981, the company was sold to Hardee\u2019s, never to be heard from again. Facebook Credits:\u00a0msn Share this story on Facebook with your friends.